NIB Nordic Investment Bank

Credit risk

Credit risk

Credit risk is NIB's main financial risk. Credit risk is the risk that the Bank's borrowers and other counterparties fail to fulfil their contractual obligations and that the collateral provided does not cover the Bank's claims. Most of the credit risk arises in the lending operations. NIB's credit policy, forming the basis for the lending operations, aims at maintaining the high quality of the loan portfolio and ensuring proper risk diversification. The credit policy sets the basic criteria for acceptable risks and identifies risk areas that require special attention.

The Bank is also exposed to credit risk in its treasury activities, where credit risk derives from the financial assets and derivative instruments that the Bank uses for investing its liquidity and managing currency and interest rate risks as well as other market risks related to structured funding transactions.

NIB's credit risk management is based on an internal limit system including both credit risk ratings and a model for the calculation of economic capital for the management of portfolio-level credit risk. A primary element of the credit approval process is a detailed risk assessment, which involves a risk-versus-return analysis. The risk assessment concludes with a classification of the risk of the counterparty and the transaction, expressed in terms of the counterparty risk rating and transaction risk class.


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Risk Management Policies (403 KB)
Loan process
  • AR2017

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